The Polish 2018-2021 NAP was drawn up jointly by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of National Defence, the Ministry of the Interior and Administration and the Government Plenipotentiary for Equal Treatment and adopted by the Council of Ministers on 22 of October 2018. Before its approval, the Plan was submitted for public consultations, which involved non-governmental organizations promoting the role of women in the security sector. With the adoption of the NAP, Poland joined the group of countries who actively participate in the implementation of the ten resolutions and the WPS Agenda. In January 2021 the Council of Ministers took decision to extend the validity of NAP until the end of 2023.

The Polish National Implementation Plan sets a conceptual framework for the implementation of the provisions of ten UN Security Council resolutions on WPS. The main postulates presented in the Plan are as follows: the need to increase women’s participation in peace processes and in missions and peacekeeping operations, greater involvement of women in decision-making processes related to peace, as well as the protection and support for women and children during and after armed conflict.

The Plan sets four main outcomes for the years 2018-2023:
1. Meaningful participation of women in conflict prevention and peacekeeping;
2. Implementation of the WPS agenda through the Polish humanitarian and development aid;
3. Protection and support of the victims of conflict-related sexual and gender-based violence;
4. Promotion and development of the WPS agenda in Poland and in the framework of international cooperation.

The implementation of the objectives of the NAP is carried out in 18 areas that include inter alia: participation of women in missions and peacekeeping operations, increasing the share of women in uniformed formations and foreign service, support for victims of sexual violence in armed conflicts, training on the WPS agenda and activities aiming at involvement of Polish scientists and students in the implementation of the agenda.

The institutions implementing the NAP are the Ministry of Defence, Ministry of the Interior and Administration, the National Police, the Border Guard, the Ministry of Finance, the National Tax Administration. They are responsible for regular monitoring of the implementation progress and its annual evaluation within their ministries and services. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is tasked with coordinating the overall assessment of the implementation of the NAP.